– Written by Mujtaba Haider Zaidi –
The course and aftermath of WWII had resulted into dismantling of England’s supreme position, where the British imperialism had to bear the brunt of the Great War in the form of getting deprived of its vast territories as well as sole supremacy as the greatest geo-strategic power existing on the face of the earth. Consequently, the political clairvoyants could envisage some other powers to take the position of world leaders by stepping into the UK shoes with regards to international politics for the future decades to come. And the same turned out to be true by late 1940s at the time when the (former) USSR and USA rose to the horizon of global politics as the leaders of Socialist and Capitalist blocs of the world respectively. As a result, the world found its new masters in the persons of Russians and Americans, which would make decisions with regards to their fate in almost all internal and external affairs without discrimination.
Coincidentally, some other states also started making struggle by breaking the shackles of humiliation and disgrace they had been undergoing for the past several years. These powers were either the members of vanquished alliance of WWII, or had tasted the astringent flavour of butchery inflicted by some of their enemy state(s) on them with the ambitions of capturing the wealth and resources of the weaker rival. The name of Peoples Republic of China is at the top in the precise list of the nations earning power and prestige in the aftermath of WWII.
It was the time when an imperative proportion of the Chinese youth had turned out to be the prey to drug and chemical addiction. Somehow, still there existed the powers of Nature to decide and determine the fate of the nation of Tao and Confucius by creating a distinguished nationalist i.e. Mao Zedong (1893-1976), who would fight a decisive war against the anti-China forces in order to lay the foundation of a progressive and prosperous strong nation that would one day challenge the might of all the world powers eventually.
The rise of China as a remarkable economic, military and strategic power startled the world, particularly the Capitalist countries, which would witness great threat from the rise of a Socialist state as one of the most dominant trade and manufacturing powers on the map of the world. Thus, this peace-loving nation forced the Capitalism to submit to its economic schemes and trade policies in this era of globalisation by dint of hardest efforts the leadership and masses jointly made in order to bring the country at a respectable position at the international arena.
On the one side, the Chinese worked day-in and day-out for the collective progress of their country, and on the other side, their leadership devised plans for strengthening the Chinese position in international politics by adopting various methods and measures. The Chinese strategists keenly observed that mere financial and strategic supremacy was not sufficient one for winning battles as well as dominating over the rivals in multiple fields. On the contrary, there always appeared an utter need for entering into alliances with the like-minded individuals, communities and nations for the achievement of targets at all scales. Taking the examples of the 19th century Three Emperors League or Dreikaiserbund (1876) on the one side, and the British’s entering into alliance with France, America and others during both the Great Wars on the other, it becomes evident that it was the system of powerful alliances, through winning the influential states to one’s side, which could decide the fate of the nations in a favourable way.
The historians appear to be in consensus with the notion that had England not entered into alliance with the USA, the Nazi military might could have been turned out to be extremely fatal for her survival in WWII. Keeping this bitter reality in view, the Central Asian and Far East nations, under the leadership of the disintegration-afflicted Russia and then recently rising China, entered into an effective economic and strategic alliance under the title Shanghai Co-operation Organisation (SCO) by the last years of the previous century, in order to stabilise their economic situations, and safeguard their geographical and ideological boundaries against the external threats. Hence, the foundation of SCO was laid in parallel to the western, European and Eurasian alliances that would keep the balance of power in favour of Far East, and against the westernised Capitalism.
The SCO member countries, including Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, appear(ed) to be determined to strive for providing a burly canopy to their masses against the economic and strategic challenges. Side by side, they would not allow the planted terrorism to enter their lands and thwart their peoples in one way or the other. SCO not only adopted the policy of peace and economic stability through its very platform, but also looks resolute to raise voice against the external interventions made by the USA in the Middle East and other parts of the globe. Hence, the purported Arab Spring would not be welcomed by SCO in the manners and methods adopted and practised by the US-influenced world at large. It is perhaps because of the Russian influences on the world politics that the condemnable Arab Spring could not witness immediate triumphs in Syria and Turkey, as it was the case with Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and other Afro-Arab countries.
Inclusion of Iran, India, Pakistan, Mongolia and Afghanistan as observer members of SCO has also strengthened the position of China-led international strategic alliance. In addition, not only this that the nations would learn to accentuate their peaceful designs on the concrete foundations of co-operative measures, but also such a real peace-loving alliance would discourage the US-led war monger alliance to invade any weaker state for the sake of their personal, political and financial gains. Hence SCO, provided it gets strengthened and sticks to peaceful measures, would surpass the US strategies that the Americans intend to get implemented on the entire globe.
Though SCO has successfully completed many miles of its thriving journey towards co-operation; nevertheless, there appear to be several issues of vital concern that must be looked into carefully. First of all, there must be a constant increase between the revival of strongest relationships between China and Russia, so that any unpleasant or contradictory issue if arises between the two states, could be settled down within a jiffy. Otherwise, sometimes trivial matters become a great upheaval for the friendly states. Secondly, the tension between China and India on the one side, and between India and Pakistan on the other, must also be resolved without making any delays, so that the region could observe a strong and powerful relationship network for the common progress, prosperity and development at large.
Thirdly, the US interventions in Syria matters should also be disapproved by the SCO, in order to make the US-led alliance realised that no one would be allowed to administer the affairs of the world out of its personal will, wishes and whims. In other words, raising voice in favour of the weaker and downtrodden states of the world, and providing them with moral and financial assistance, would not only keep Balance of Power in the world on the patterns of Cold War Era, but also earns more respect and love for the SCO countries in all areas and regions of the globe. Consequently, the sword of fears with regards to the possible invasion may cease to hang on the heads of the poor and weaker countries of the world.
Shanghai Co-operation Organisation must be made more functional, effective and influential one, not only for protecting the interests of the members states, but also for the sake of safeguarding the interests of all the developing countries at large. Consequently, SCO would turn out to be a symbol of peace, harmony and international stability, which would save the world from the cruel clutches of bloodshed, chaos and war in general, in a more pungent way than the United Nations has observed during its seven decade long life since October 1945 till this day.
Mujtaba Haider Zaidi [Lawyer/Research-Writer/Social-scientist/Columnist]
(M.A. English Literature, M.A. Sociology, LL.B, M. Phil Criminology, & author of over 900 Ph. D and M. Phil Research papers, newspaper articles and essays)