Emmanuel Macron has managed this Sunday in the second round of the French presidential elections to revalidate his mandate as president with 58.55% of the votes , according to the official results of the Ministry of the Interior with the count already completed.
This count gives Macron 18.7 million votes, compared to the 13.2 million obtained by his direct rival, Marine Le Pen . The leader of the National Association has achieved around 41.45% of the votes.
For analysts consulted by 20minutos , Macron’s victory is “excellent news” because “there was a lot at stake” for both France and Europe. “It is the axis of European integration” , several experts agree, who, however, advocate “fleeing from triumphalism”, since the rise of the extreme right is worrying, with the best result that a party of these characteristics has ever obtained in the Old Continent.
“It is the victory of the European project and the values of the French Republic against those who tried to attack them by disguising them with a change of image”, highlights Manuel López Linares , professor of International Relations at Comillas Pontifical University.
López Linares, however, warns of the danger posed by the great result obtained by Marine Le Pen, defender of the principles of “Vichy France that collaborated with the Nazi regime”: “This is something to keep in mind for the future.
In my opinion, it is due to the conjunction of two factors: on the one hand, to all of France that has not been able to get on the bandwagon of economic progress , and on the other, to the fact that Le Pen has managed to make up, in a process they call de-monization or chiraquismo, the hardness that the party represented with her father and with her in its beginnings. This has perhaps convinced young voters , who have thought that this party no longer poses the threat it used to.”
“Europe continues to be on the defensive, living too close to the abyss every time there are elections in France. This political catenaccio must be reversed in the future”, considers Guillermo Íñiguez , political analyst and Master in European Law from the University of Cambridge, is pleased of Macron’s victory but warns that between now and 2027 he will have to make an effort to curb the radical right.
Dissatisfaction and rejection of the candidates
Another issue that draws attention in the Gallic elections is the high abstention registered, which has reached almost 28%, the highest in the last 50 years . “It is a direct consequence of the double-round election system that exists in France, where in the end you have to choose between two candidates.
There is a clear discontent and rejection towards the two candidates and the parties and ideas they represent,” Javier Porras points out . Professor of International Law at CEU San Pablo University.
For Moisés Ruiz , professor and expert in political leadership at the European University, such high abstention is a manifestation of the “political apathy” suffered by citizens because “they feel abandoned by political parties.” “Macron has to reflect on why he has not been able to convince these abstentionists and, above all, on the current role of Marine Le Pen, who no longer scares the electorate ,” he says.
“Basically, it has been Mélenchon’s left-wing voters who have turned their backs on Macron because they understand that he is far from their interests and benefits the most privileged classes ,” says López Linares.
What will happen to the traditional parties?
These presidential elections have also served to confirm the bad moment that traditional French political parties are going through , such as the Republicans or the Socialists, who not long ago governed the country under the command of François Hollande.
This situation is especially worrying considering that it is unknown what will happen when Macron ends his term with La República en Marcha, a very personal project of the president and not so much a political party. That vacuum could further pave the way for the far right.
“Both the socialist party and the republicans have become local and regional parties. It has reached a point where voters know that the socialist party is not an option at the central level and that they have to take back. One of the missions What Macron has in these five years is to resurrect that political space to succeed him. The possibility of appointing a minister from those two parties has even been discussed. France is at stake a lot and he will not be there to save the country again.” , sentence Iñiguez.